Malocclusion of Teeth Along with Symptoms and Treatment Alternatives
Malocclusion of the teeth is more popularly known as misalignment of the teeth. This may trigger serious issues related to your oral health if ignored and left untreated. The problem is so common that it is referred to by various names including cross-bite, crowded teeth, overbite, open bite and underbite. According to dentists practising in Croydon, there can be innumerable causes behind this problem.
Causes for Malocclusion
According to a renowned dentist in Croydon, the most common causes of teeth malocclusion include the following:
- Thumb sucking or feeding from the bottle till an older age.
- Losing natural teeth.
- Defects or deformities in the oral cavity since birth.
- Fractures in the jaws.
- Improper placement of dental filling, crown or braces.
In addition to the factors mentioned above, tumours in the mouth may also lead you to the problem.
Symptoms of teeth Malocclusion
The most common symptom includes improper alignment of the teeth. Apart from that, there can be other issues too, which include the following:
- The jaw may be disproportionately smaller than the teeth.
- In acute malocclusion problem, the overall appearance of the face may get altered.
- People suffering from it are also known to have discomfort when chewing and biting.
- These people are also known to bite their inner cheeks or tongue more frequently.
- Malocclusion is also known to create speech problems, enabling people to develop a lisp.
- It is common for patients suffering from malocclusion to breathe from the mouth instead of the nose.
In addition to the factors mentioned above, one may also occasionally suffer from chronic headaches, numbness or pain in the teeth or facial regions. Even ringing or blocked ears are associated with the problem of malocclusion, according to an expert associated with providing Dental Care at our Croydon Dental Practice
Types of malocclusion
Cases of malocclusion are divided into three categories. They are:
- Type 1 malocclusion: Patients suffering from Type 1 malocclusion have their upper and lower molars correctly aligned but their teeth are crowded together. These patients are also known to suffer from overlapping, rotation or cross-biting problems of their teeth.
- Type 2 malocclusion: In this case, the lower molars fit their counterparts in the upper jawline but are placed towards the throat. As a result, their chin is drawn back.
- Type 3 malocclusion: The lower molars don’t correspond to their counterparts across the upper jawline.
Modern dentistry and malocclusion treatment
Modern dentistry offers satisfactory solutions to this problem. If you ignore the problem and leave it untreated, you’re likely to develop other dental issues and even suffer from teeth loss. The problem is first evaluated thoroughly by undergoing routine tests and dental X-rays. A customised treatment plan is drawn based on the assessment. Modern dentistry offers a range of treatments to correct the problem of malocclusion. Some of the popular treatment alternatives are:
- Applying braces and other orthodontic appliances.
- Extracting one or more teeth.
- A Surgical intervention to reshape the size of your jaws.
- Reshaping rough or irregular teeth.
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